Hamster Housing and Habitat Requirements

Hamsters are popular pets that require a safe and comfortable living space to thrive. Proper housing and habitat requirements for hamsters are essential to their physical and mental well-being. In this article, we will discuss the different types of hamster housing and habitat requirements.

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  • Types of Hamster Housing

There are several types of hamster housing available, including cages, aquariums, and plastic habitats.


Cages are the most common type of hamster housing. They are usually made of metal wire with plastic bases and come in different sizes and shapes. The size of the cage depends on the size and type of the hamster. Syrian hamsters need larger cages than dwarf hamsters. As a general rule, the minimum cage size for a single hamster should be at least 24 x 12 x 12 inches, while a pair of dwarf hamsters can be housed in a cage that is 24 x 12 x 15 inches. The cage should have a solid bottom to prevent injuries to the hamster’s feet. A wire mesh floor can cause foot injuries, so it is best to avoid this type of cage. The cage should also have a secure door that cannot be easily opened by the hamster.


Aquariums can be used as hamster habitats, but they require more maintenance than cages. The aquarium should be at least 10 gallons in size. The lid should be securely fastened to prevent the hamster from escaping and to provide adequate ventilation. An aquarium will require more frequent cleaning than a cage.

Plastic Habitats

Plastic habitats are an alternative to cages and aquariums. They are made of durable plastic and come in different sizes and shapes. Plastic habitats are easy to clean and require less maintenance than aquariums. They are also more affordable than cages. However, plastic habitats may not provide adequate ventilation, so it’s important to choose a habitat with good ventilation.

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  • Habitat Requirements

Regardless of the type of housing you choose, there are several habitat requirements for hamsters that must be met.


Hamsters need a soft and absorbent bedding to sleep and nest in. Good bedding options include aspen shavings, paper-based bedding, or a mixture of both. Avoid cedar or pine shavings, as they can be harmful to hamsters.

Hideouts and Toys

Hamsters need hideouts and toys to provide mental stimulation and a sense of security. Good hideouts include small cardboard boxes, wooden houses, or plastic igloos. Hamsters also enjoy running wheels, chew toys, and tunnels.

Food and Water

Hamsters need fresh water and a balanced diet. Provide fresh water daily and make sure the water bottle is securely fastened to prevent leaks. Hamsters also need a diet that is high in protein and fiber. Commercial hamster food is available at pet stores and should be supplemented with fresh vegetables and fruits.


Hamsters are active animals and require daily exercise. Provide a running wheel that is large enough for the hamster to run on without arching its back. Hamsters also enjoy climbing tubes and ladders.

Temperature and Lighting

Hamsters are sensitive to temperature and lighting. The temperature in the habitat should be between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Hamsters also need a regular day and night cycle, so it’s important to provide a consistent light cycle.

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  • Maintenance and Cleaning

Regular maintenance and cleaning of the hamster’s habitat are important to prevent the spread of disease and ensure the hamster’s health and well-being. Clean the habitat at least once a week, replacing the bedding and washing the food and water dishes. Remove any uneaten food to prevent mold and bacteria growth.

In conclusion, proper housing and habitat requirements are essential for the health and well-being of hamsters. Whether you choose a cage, aquarium or plastic habitat, make sure it meets the minimum size requirements for the type of hamster you have. Provide the hamster with the necessary bedding, hideouts, toys, food, water, and exercise. Regular maintenance and cleaning will keep the habitat clean and prevent the spread of disease. With proper care and attention, hamsters can make wonderful and rewarding pets for families of all ages.